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IJEEEE 2020 Vol.10(2): 145-166 ISSN: 2010-3654
doi: 10.17706/ijeeee.2020.10.2.145-166

The Legitimacy of Clustered Firms: A Dynamic Perspective

Sze-Ting Chen, Ren-Cheng Zhang, Kai Yin Allison Haga
Abstract—A country’s competitive advantage is often characterized on a specific industry in which firms are drastically inclined to clustering together. The previous literature has limited discussion on how the clustered firms through constantly renovate their own abilities and by complying with the institutional legitimacy to gain recognition and support among the other members of the cluster so that they can gain access to cluster’s resources to create and maintain its competitive advantage. Although there are researches focusing on how industrial structure help clustered firms to generate competitive advantages, some empirical studies show that in a fast-changing environment, firms usually fail to adapt to sudden policy or technological changes. Thus, based on dynamic absorption capacity and institutional legitimacy, this study seeks to explore how the clustered firms absorb, learn, integrate and exploit new abilities continuously, as well as develop and utilize external knowledge and capabilities to adapt to rapid environmental changes. In addition, emerging economies have attracted an increasing amount of attention because of rapidly expanding economies and rapid-growth markets provide tremendous business opportunities, especially the China which affects many countries’ economies in the word. The results of this study express that the dynamic absorptive capabilities have positive effect on a clustered firm’s performance, but if a clustered firm always conform to institutional legitimacy which will result in performance dilemma, which is different from other previous research.

Index Terms—Dynamic absorptive capability, institutional legitimacy, organizational performance, performance dilemma.

Sze-Ting Chen is with Master of Business Administration Program, CHINA-ASEAN International College, Dhurakij Pundit University, Bangkok, Thailand (email: d974010008@gmail.com).
Ren-Cheng Zhang is with Master of Education Management Program, CHINA-ASEAN International College, Dhurakij Pundit University, Bangkok, Thailand.
Kai Yin Allison Haga is with International Master Program in Asia-Pacific Affairs, School of Social Science, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Cite: Sze-Ting Chen, Ren-Cheng Zhang, Kai Yin Allison Haga, "The Legitimacy of Clustered Firms: A Dynamic Perspective," International Journal of e-Education, e-Business, e-Management and e-Learning vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 145-166, 2020.


Copyright © 2020 by the authors. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3654 (Online)
Abbreviated Title: Int. J. e-Educ. e-Bus. e-Manag. e-Learn.
Frequency: Quarterly
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Kuan-Chou Chen
Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Lau
Abstracting/ Indexing: EBSCO, Google Scholar, Electronic Journals Library, QUALIS, ProQuest, EI (INSPEC, IET)
E-mail: ijeeee@iap.org
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