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IJEEEE 2020 Vol.10(1): 43-52 ISSN: 2010-3654
doi: 10.17706/ijeeee.2020.10.1.43-52

Developing SDL Culture Using CAI and Feedback Learning

Dwijoko Purbohadi, Sri Sundari, Nur Hayati
Abstract—This article demonstrates the Self-directed Learning (SDL) culture development using e-learning based on learning module called Extended Computer Aided Instruction (Extended-CAI) and feedback learning model called Gamma Feedback Learning Model (GFLM). In the Indonesian context, there are two main problems in Self-directed learning culture development, the technological challenges, and the cultural issues. The e-learning implementation in Indonesia mostly uses a Learning Management System (LMS) to manage learning activity outside the classroom. The uses of LMS cannot develop SDL culture because of passive learning culture still dominant, the internet technology not fully support, and the content is not unusual. Students had long and been comfortable attending classes in the classroom. Students from primary school until the second year in higher education have been familiar with face to face model. In Indonesia, the majority of students say the internet is very slow, especially when accessing video. Students think not easy to get an internet connection when outside the campus, mainly if they are living in rural areas. The other side, the materials considered less impressive because most of it is only power point and e-book. Easy to understand that students not willing to use the e-learning facilities, this condition causes SDL culture development failed. In this research, the Extended-CAI modules designed to solve a technological problem. Students can use Extended-CAI online or offline. The module contents are videos, concepts, e-books, and tasks. Besides that, the Extended-CAI module can record student activities and work then forward it to LMS. Lecturers can monitor, conduct the evaluation, and provide appropriate learning treatment when student need it. This way is to solve a cultural problem which teacher can applied feedback learning model.

Index Terms—CAI, e-leaning, feedback learning model, LMS, self-directed learning.

Dwijoko Purbohadi is with Information Technology Department, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, DI Yogyakarta, Indonesia (email: purbohadi@yahoo.com).
Sri Sundari, Nur Hayati are with Medicine Department, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, DI Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Cite: Dwijoko Purbohadi, Sri Sundari, Nur Hayati, "Developing SDL Culture Using CAI and Feedback Learning," International Journal of e-Education, e-Business, e-Management and e-Learning vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 43-52, 2020.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3654 (Online)
Abbreviated Title: Int. J. e-Educ. e-Bus. e-Manag. e-Learn.
Frequency: Quarterly
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Kuan-Chou Chen
Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Lau
Abstracting/ Indexing: EBSCO, Google Scholar, Electronic Journals Library, QUALIS, ProQuest, EI (INSPEC, IET)
E-mail: ijeeee@iap.org
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