Volume 1 Number 2 (Jun. 2011)
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IJEEEE 2011 Vol.1(2): 115-120 ISSN: 2010-3654
DOI: 10.7763/IJEEEE.2011.V1.18

Arab Countries Can Perform Better with Clear Emphasis on Innovation, Entrepreneurship and an Evolving Culture

M-Said Oukil
Abstract—Arab countries strive to integrate the international business and close the gaps with the rest of the world as quickly as possible. However, a real problem is that compared to other countries, their policies lack many important ingredients for success. Gaining competitive advantage and achieving growth and competitiveness are not only a matter of openess, huge investments and business creation per se. Researchers argue that changes in management and governance are a must, and emphasis on innovation and entrepreneurship, and improving the business culture through education are very critical. In this paper, the author considers the case of the Arab countries, using secondary data and drawing on relevant academic work. The results of his study suggest that despite some important achievements, there are specific challenges facing these countries to make a sound shift towards productive and dynamic economies and better societies.After an introduction and literature review, section III provides a broad picture of the overall progress made by Arab countries, followed by main shortcomings. Section IV elaborates on the necessity of focusing on monitoring people’s initiatives, and enhancing entrepreneurship at all levels. Section V discusses the inadequate understanding of competitiveness in Arab countries. Section VI describes the prevailing loose business culture in these countries. Section VII discusses the particular role of higher education institutions. The last section concludes the paper.

Index Terms—Arab countries, business culture entrepreneurship education, innovation, international integration.

M-S. Oukil is with the Department of Management and Marketing, College of Industrial Management, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638604285; Fax: 0096638602544; ()Oukil@kfupm.edu.sa).

Cite: M-Said Oukil, "Arab Countries Can Perform Better with Clear Emphasis on Innovation, Entrepreneurship and an Evolving Culture," International Journal of e-Education, e-Business, e-Management and e-Learning vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 115-120, 2011.

General Information

ISSN: 2010-3654 (Online)
Abbreviated Title: Int. J. e-Educ. e-Bus. e-Manag. e-Learn.
Frequency: Quarterly
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Kuan-Chou Chen
Executive Editor: Ms. Nancy Lau
Abstracting/ Indexing: EBSCO, Google Scholar, Electronic Journals Library, QUALIS, ProQuest, EI (INSPEC, IET)
E-mail: ijeeee@iap.org
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